Rootstock Description Chart:

Key: L= Low, M= Medium, H= High. 

                                                                                      

Rootstock Parentage Vigor Matures Dry Wet Lime Saline  Clay Dagger Rootknot Phylloxera Comments 
1616 Couderc

V. Riparia x V. Solonis

L Early L-M  M-H 10% H L L H H One of our lowest vigor varieties.
Riparia Gloire V. Riparia L Early M-H  H 6% L-M H M L-M H One of our lowest vigor varieties. 
101-14

V. Riparia x V. Rupestris

L-M Early L-M  L-M-H 9% H H M M M-H Generally a lower vigor variety. Can be vigorous on deep fertile soils. 
Schwarzmann V. Riparia x V. Rupestris L-M Early- Mid.  L-M  M 8% M-H H H M-H M-H Does well on moist deep soils. 
3309 Couderc V. Riparia x V. Rupestris M

Early- Mid.

L-M  M 11% L-M L-M H L-M H

Our most popular rootstock, has been the foundation  of eastern viticulture. 

SO4 V. Riparia x V. Berlandieri M Early- Mid L-M  M-H 17% M H M M-H M-H

Good cool region rootstock, works well for clay soils. 

5C Teleki V. Riparia x V. Berlandieri M Early L-M  M-H 18% L-M M-H H M H Can be vigorous during 1st 3-5 years, then moderate vigor. 
44-53M V. Riparia x V. Berlandieri M-H Early H  M-H 10% - M-H M M H Benefits from high Mg. soils. 
5BB Kober

V. Riparia x V. Berlandieri

M-H

Early- Mid

L-M  M-H 20% M-H H M M M-H Does well on moist clay soils. 
1103 Paulsen V. Rupestris x V. Berlandieri H Delayed M-H  M-H 17% M-H H L-M M-H H Well suited for drought and saline soils. 

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